A stroke occurs when the blood flow to part of the brain is cut off. This can be caused by a blood clot or a burst blood vessel. Strokes occur most commonly in people over the age of 65, however they can occur at any age. 1 in 5 people will have a stroke at some point in their life.
The outcome of a stroke will depend on many factors including the type, size, and location of the damage, as well as the health of the person before the stroke.
The three main types of stroke are;
This stroke is caused by a blockage in a vessel carrying blood to the brain. This may be due to a blood clot, a bubble of air, or fat collected in the blood vessel. This is the most common cause of stroke.
This stroke is caused by bleeding in the brain. This bleeding may be due to a vessel bursting the brain, or on the surface of the brain in the area between brain and skull.
This stroke is caused by a brief interruption of the blood supply to the brain. It is also known as a “mini stroke”. The signs of a TIA are often the same as other types of stroke, however they are temporary, and only last for a maximum of 24 hours. A TIA could be a warning sign for a more serious stroke in the future.
Stroke is a medical emergency. By encouraging others to act fast by calling 112 or 999 if they recognise the signs of stroke (Face, Arms, Speech, Time), you are saving lives and giving people a chance to get medical treatment and maximising their chances of recovery.
It is important to note that a stroke affects people in very different ways. The effects of a stroke can range from very mild to very severe, and may result in a wide range of physical, sensory, cognitive and communication difficulties, depending on the part of the brain involved. Common symptoms that an SLT can help with include;
An SLT is uniquely skilled in helping individuals who have acquired difficulties with their speech, language, voice, communication and swallowing after a stroke
Motor Speech Disorders (MSD) are a group of speech and voice disorders that occur as a result of damage to the brain or other parts of the nervous system.